Each month of past year sees record temperatures: NASA

Average global temperatures for each of the past 12 months hit record highs, marking an unprecedented streak, Xinhua reports citing NASA.

“It’s clear we are facing a climate crisis,” said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson in a news release. “Communities across the globe are feeling first-hand extreme heat in unprecedented numbers.”

The average global temperature over the past 12 months was 2.34 degrees Fahrenheit (1.30 degrees Celsius) above the 20th-century baseline (1951 to 1980), the analysis shows.

Based on temperature readings from a huge network of weather stations on land and instruments in oceans, scientists find that the records are part of a long-term warming trend driven by human activities, especially greenhouse gas emissions.

“We’re experiencing more hot days, more hot months, more hot years,” said Kate Calvin, NASA’s chief scientist and senior climate advisor. “We know that these increases in temperature are driven by our greenhouse gas emissions and are impacting people and ecosystems around
the world.”

The trend has become evident over the past four decades, with the last 10 consecutive years being the warmest 10 since record keeping began in the late 19th century, according to the analysis.

Source: Azerbaijan State News Agency

Azerbaijani join Global Sustainable Development Congress 2024

Azerbaijani universities are actively participating in the Global Sustainable Development Congress 2024, organized by Times Higher Education (THE) in Bangkok, Thailand.

Representing Azerbaijan at the congress are ADA University, Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University, Azerbaijan Technical University, Azerbaijan Architecture and Construction University, Azerbaijan State University of Culture and Arts, Baku State University, Baku Engineering University, Baku Higher Oil School, Nakhchivan State University, and Sumgayit State University.

The congress, which began on June 10 and will continue until June 13, has brought together over 3,000 global leaders and innovators from more than 100 countries to discuss sustainable development.

Source: Azerbaijan State News Agency

Baku State University, China’s Hebei University of Economics and Business discuss prospects for cooperation

The Baku State University (BSU) hosted a meeting with a delegation led by Tian Xuebin, Vice-President of Hebei University of Economics and Business of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).

Addressing the meeting, Rector Elchin Babayev provided insight into the opportunities offered for professional training by BSU, the university’s strategic goals and international relations.

He also commended the cooperation with Hebei University of Economics and Business, noting that this collaboration could make a significant contribution to the capacity-building projects of BSU.

Reiterating their interest in cooperation with BSU, Tian Xuebin stressed the importance of expanding the exchange of students and academic staff between the two higher education institutions.

The meeting also focused on the issues such as development of dual degree programs between two universities, exchange of students and academic staff, development of joint scholarship programs, as well as stablishment of joint think tanks.

Source: Azerb
aijan State News Agency

BHOS student wins research internship program of Japanese university

Madina Ziyadkhanova, a 4th year student at Baku Higher Oil School of SOCAR, majoring in Chemical Engineering, has earned the right to participate in the research internship program of Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) in Japan.

She will conduct research studies at the Complex Flows and Fluids Department under the supervision of Prof. Marco Eduardo Rosti. All expenses will be covered by the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology. The internship program will run from June 29 to September 11.

The goal is to optimize reactor efficiency under turbulent flow conditions for more efficient product recovery.

It is worth noting that world-renowned scientists apply for research studies at OIST, which has been operating since 2012. Only 10-14% of these applications are approved.

It is also worth noting that Medina is currently studying at the Middle East Technical University (ODTÜ) as part of an exchange program.

Source: Azerbaijan State News Agency

BHOS wins ‘Enactus’ competition

Baku Higher Oil School (BHOS) has won the ‘Enactus World Cup Simulation 2024′ competition.

Aysel Rahimli, Chingiz Mammadov, and Oktay Amrahov took first place in the competition held among students from 21 universities.

The competition was held with the support of the Ministry of Youth and Sports, the Youth Foundation, Azerbaijan Student Youth Organizations’ Union, and Enactus Azerbaijan.

Enactus is the world’s largest experiential learning platform dedicated to creating a better world while developing the next generation of entrepreneurial leaders and social innovators. To this end, Enactus creates opportunities for young people to apply theoretical knowledge in practice and to realize business, educational and social projects, and promotes free entrepreneurship.

Source: Azerbaijan State News Agency

China’s Chang’e-6 lands on moon’s far side to collect samples

China’s Chang’e-6 touched down on the far side of the moon on Sunday morning, and will collect samples from this rarely explored terrain for the first time in human history, Xinhua reports citing the China National Space Administration (CNSA).

Supported by the Queqiao-2 relay satellite, the lander-ascender combination of the Chang’e-6 probe successfully landed at the designated landing area at 6:23 a.m. (Beijing Time) in the South Pole-Aitken (SPA) Basin.

Chang’e-6 consists of an orbiter, a returner, a lander and an ascender. Since its launch on May 3 this year, it has gone through various stages such as Earth-moon transfer, near-moon braking, lunar orbiting and landing descent. The lander-ascender combination separated from the orbiter-returner combination on May 30, said the CNSA.

The lander-ascender combination began the powered descent at 6:09 a.m. The main engine with variable thrust was ignited, and the combination quickly adjusted its attitude and gradually approached the lunar surface.

During the
descent, an autonomous visual obstacle avoidance system was used to automatically detect obstacles, with a visible light camera selecting a comparatively safe landing area based on the brightness and darkness of the lunar surface.

The combination then hovered about 100 meters above the safe landing area and used a laser 3D scanner to detect obstacles on the lunar surface to select the final landing site before a slow vertical descent. As the combination approached the lunar surface, it shut down the engine and touched down via free fall, protected by a cushioning system.

The Chang’e-6 mission is tasked with collecting and returning samples from the moon’s far side, the first endeavor of its kind in the history of human lunar exploration.

It has achieved a breakthrough in the design and control technology of the lunar retrograde orbit and aims to realize key technologies of intelligent and rapid sampling, as well as takeoff and ascent from the far side of the moon.

According to Li Chunlai, deputy chief des
igner of the Chang’e-6 mission, the probe landed precisely at the designated area. This area is likely to be covered with a lot of basalt, which is very beneficial for geological research and can deliver significant scientific value.

The landing site is at an impact crater known as the Apollo Basin, located within the SPA Basin. The choice was made for the Apollo Basin’s potential value of scientific exploration, as well as the conditions of the landing area, including communication and telemetry conditions and the flatness of the terrain, said Huang Hao, a space expert from the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC).

The colossal SPA Basin was formed by a celestial collision over 4 billion years ago and has a diameter of 2,500 kilometers, equivalent to the distance from Beijing to Hainan, and a depth of about 13 kilometers. It is the oldest and largest impact crater on the moon and in the solar system, and it may provide the earliest information available about the moon, according to sci

The huge impact of the celestial collision that formed the SPA Basin may have ejected materials from the depths of the moon. If such materials can be collected and returned to Earth for study, they would provide new insights into both the early impact history of the solar system and the geological evolution of the moon.

The lander is equipped with multiple sensors, including microwave, laser and optical imaging sensors which can measure distance and speed, and identify obstacles on the lunar surface, Huang said.

To prevent interference to optical sensors by lunar dust during landing, the lander is also equipped with gamma-ray sensors to accurately measure the height through particle rays, ensuring that the engine can be shut down on time and the lander can touch down smoothly on the lunar surface, he added.

At the same time, the landing legs play their role as buffers, absorbing the impact energy of landing and ensuring the safety of the equipment on the lander.

Source: Azerbaijan State News Ag